According to the UNICEF report, India reported deaths of 8,82,000 children below five years in 2018. It highlights that every second child below the age of five in the country is affected by some form of malnutrition. Millions of children in India die of treatable conditions every year. The lack of access to healthcare and expensive treatments, force these children to suffer silently with diseases that could easily be treated. According to a report by the UN’s Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNIGME), 802,000 infants died in India in the year 2017 due to the lack of access to proper healthcare, sanitation, nutrition, and water. Even though these numbers are the lowest in 5 years, India still has the highest infant mortality rate in the world with almost 4 lakh more deaths than Nigeria who came in second.
As per the 2019 government data, India has reduced its infant mortality rate (IMR) by 42% over 11 years-from 57 per 1,000 live births in 2006 to 33 in 2017. This is a first for a large country like India, and active efforts by both the government and nonprofits, that have worked to bring the positive change. Their combined efforts work to not only save children in need but also provide medical aid to expecting mothers.